British Copper-Nickel Coins 1947-1970

Until it was superseded in 1971 by a decimal pound of 100 pence, the traditional pound sterling was valued at 240 pence.  This awkward figure resulted in numerous and peculiar divisions such as 12 pence to the shilling and 20 shillings to the pound. There had existed some justification for this system when the pound’s fractions […]
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British Silver Coins 1662-1946

Until it was superseded in 1971 by a decimal pound of 100 pence, the traditional pound sterling was valued at 240 pence.  This awkward figure resulted in numerous and peculiar divisions arrived at over many generations.  The basic silver coin of England was the 12-pence piece or shilling, of which 20 were equal to a pound.  Other fractional […]
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British Gold Coins 1663-1925

Britain’s conversion to a decimal coinage in 1971 had no impact on its minting of gold, as this metal had long since ceased to be a circulating medium. A relatively recent development, the absence of glorious gold in the channels of commerce dated only from World War I (1914-18). Until that time, this most mighty […]
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Canadian Bronze Coins 1858 to Date

The history of coinage in Canada during the first half of the 19th Century closely parallels that of its neighbor to the south, the United States of America, during the 18th Century. Both were colonial possessions of Great Britain, and both suffered from a lack of adequate circulating coinage. The right to produce coins locally […]
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Canadian Maritime Provinces Bronze Coins 1861-1947

The modern nation of Canada was forged out of several individual provinces over a period of many years. Between 1861 and 1949, when Newfoundland, the last of the independent provinces joined the Canadian Confederation, a rich series of coins was produced for use in these individual regions. The bronze issues are quite illustrative of these […]
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Canadian Silver Coins 1858-1968

A series of laws enacted during the 1850s established a monetary unit for the Province of Canada which was based on the gold dollar of the United States of America. Like that of the USA, Canada’s dollar was divided into 100 cents. The coins actually struck for the Province of Canada beginning in 1858 included […]
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Canadian Gold Coins 1865-1919

At no time in Canada’s history has gold formed a significant portion of the coins actually circulating.  Nonetheless, there were brief periods that saw the use of gold pieces as a circulating medium, and the various types associated with this nation form a fascinating historical heritage. In the years before Canada became a confederation in 1867, […]
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